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Tramadol What Medicine? Function Guide, Dosage and Side Effects | Good Doctor

Tramadol is a medication used to help relieve moderate to severe pain. However, there are many things you need to know about this drug, so you can avoid misusing it.

One important point of using this drug is that it is mandatory with a doctor’s prescription. Although it is still rare, a number of cases of tramadol abuse often occur in the community, which is directed to be used as a substitute for narcotics.

So what do you need to know about this drug, from function, dosage, how to use it, to side effects? Check out the following article, OK!

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What is tramadol for?

Tramadol. Photo source:

Tramadol is a pain and pain reliever. This medication is used to treat moderate to severe pain in adults. This medication is a pain reliever similar to an opioid (narcotic) analgesic.

What are the functions and benefits of tramadol?

Quoting from Healthline, Tramadol works by changing the way the brain interprets pain by lowering serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brain.

How to use tramadol?

Take this drug according to the prescribed dosage and doctor’s recommendations. Follow all directions on the label and in the specified recipe.

Oral use

The effect of this drug may be to slow or even stop your breathing, especially when you start using this drug or whenever your dose is changed. That is why a doctor’s prescription before taking this drug is mandatory and very important.

Never take this medication in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Tell your doctor if the medication seems to stop working, or if it does too little to relieve pain.

The tramadol class of drugs may be addictive, even at regular doses. Never share this medication with other people, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction.

Tramadol injection

In addition to oral, this drug is also available in injection form. As the name implies, tramadol injection is used by injection into the body.

Unlike oral, tramadol injection usually requires a doctor’s assistance to use it.

Is the drug tramadol safe for pregnant and lactating women?

If you use tramadol during pregnancy, it is not good for the fetus. This can cause symptoms that threaten the health of the baby after birth.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Do not breastfeed while using tramadol. This drug can pass into breast milk and cause drowsiness, breathing problems, or death in the baby.

Tramadol side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of a reaction to the tramadol class of drugs such as hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of your face or throat.

Or other reactions such as fever, sore throat, burning and burning sensation in the eyes, sore and reddened skin, a rash that spreads and causes blisters and peeling.

Like other narcotic drugs, the tramadol class of drugs can slow breathing. Death can occur if breathing becomes too weak.

Or if your lips turn blue, and it’s hard to get up and move, contact your doctor immediately if you have the following signs:

  • Breathe heavily and, short breaths
  • Slow and irregular heartbeat
  • Being dizzy, or feeling like you might pass out

Seek immediate medical attention if you have any symptoms of serotonin syndrome, such as: agitation, hallucinations, fever, sweating, chills, fast heartbeat, coma, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.

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Tramadol drug warnings and cautions

You should not use the tramadol class of drugs if you have an allergy to the drug, or if you have:

  • Breathing problems or sleep apnea
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Problems with urination
  • Disorders of the bile, pancreas and thyroid

Do not give this medication to anyone under the age of 18, or to those who have recently had tonsillitis removed.

Avoid giving this medicine to children between 12 and 18 years of age, who have a respiratory condition in them. Seizure-like cases have occurred in some people taking tramadol.

Consult with your doctor about the possible risks, if you have experienced some of the following:

  • Head injury, epilepsy, or other seizure disorder
  • If you also use certain antidepressants, muscle relaxants, opioids, or other drugs.

Tramadol abuse

This drug can cause addiction, overdose, or even death if misused.

This is especially for children or other people who use drugs without a doctor’s prescription. Selling freely and without a license or giving away this drug is against the law.

Stop using other pain relievers when you start taking tramadol. The tramadol class of drugs can be taken with or without food, but use it the same way every time you take this drug.

Never crush or break the tablets, inhale the powder or mix it with liquids to inject the drug into a vein. This practice can lead to death.

If you use a tablet extended-release, part of the tablet can get into your feces or feces (during bowel movements). This is normal and doesn’t mean you don’t accept the medicinal properties.

Do not stop using this medication suddenly, or you could have uncomfortable symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using this drug.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and exposure to heat. Keep this medicine carefully and don’t let it change hands.

Tramadol is a drug that is prone to abuse and you must be vigilant if someone uses this drug inappropriately or without a doctor’s prescription.

Do not store leftover medicine for a long time. Just one dose could cause death in someone who uses this drug accidentally or inappropriately.

What happens if you miss a dose?

Since this drug is used to reduce pain, it is unlikely that you will miss the prescribed dose. Skip any missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.

What happens in case of an overdose?

Overdose can be fatal, especially in children or other people who use drugs without a doctor’s prescription.

Overdose symptoms may include slow heart rate, severe drowsiness, skin that becomes cold and clammy, very slow breathing, or even coma.

What should be avoided while taking tramadol?

While taking this drug, do not drink alcohol. The effects of tramadol can be dangerous and can even cause death.

What other drugs will affect tramadol?

You may have breathing problems or other symptoms if you stop taking certain other medications.

Tell your doctor if you are also taking antibiotics, antifungal medicine, heart or blood pressure medicine, seizure medicine, or medicine to treat HIV or hepatitis C.

This drug can interact with many other drugs and cause dangerous side effects or death. Make sure your doctor knows if you also use:

  • Cold or allergy medications, asthma bronchodilators/COPD, or diuretics
  • Medicines for motion sickness, irritable bowel syndrome, or overactive bladder
  • Other narcotic drugs – opioid pain medications or prescription cough drops
  • Tranquilizers like valium – diazepam, alprazolam, lorazepam, xanax, klonopin, versed, etc.
  • Medications that make you sleepy or slow your breathing – sleeping pills, muscle pain relievers, drugs to treat disorders mood or mental illness
  • Medications that affect serotonin levels in the body, or drugs for depression, Parkinson’s disease, headaches or migraines, serious infections, or nausea and vomiting.

Other drugs may interact with tramadol, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal products.

Not all interactions may be listed in this medication guide. The safest way is to still consult with your doctor about what medicine you are going to consume.

When to see a doctor

You who take this drug must report any side effects to your doctor. By discussing the benefits and risks of medications, your doctor can help find the most appropriate medication at the lowest effective dose.

A severe allergic reaction requires emergency medical attention. Anyone who has difficulty breathing or has symptoms of serotonin syndrome should seek medical attention immediately.

Further information

Remember, keep this medication and all other medications out of the reach of children, never share medications with others, and use tramadol only for the indication it was prescribed for.

Take care of your health and that of your family with regular consultations with our doctor partners. Download the Good Doctor application now, click this link, okay!

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