Tips to Prevent Hypoglycemia in Diabetics
In addition to high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), diabetics can also experience low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This condition should be avoided as much as possible because it can cause dangerous complications. Come onget to know how to prevent hypoglycemia in diabetics in the following review.
Hypoglycemia in Diabetic Patients
Hypoglycemia is a common condition in diabetics (diabetics), both type 1 and type 2. However, this condition is prone to afflict people with type 1 diabetes.
In general, hypoglycemia occurs as a result of the use of insulin and drugs. However, food intake and an unhealthy lifestyle can also cause blood sugar to become very low.
Someone is said to have hypoglycemia if they have blood sugar levels below 70 mg/dL. Even in severe conditions, blood sugar can touch 40 mg/dL.
However, it should be noted that the number of these numbers can vary for each person. Therefore, to find out the level of safe blood sugar levels, diabetics are strongly advised to consult a doctor.
Low blood sugar can be very dangerous. The reason is, glucose is the main fuel for the body and brain to work. If the amount is less, the function of the body and brain will not run optimally.
Someone who experiences it may experience dizziness, irritability, trembling, and difficulty walking or talking. In severe conditions, hypoglycemia can cause seizures, fainting, coma, and even death.
Also Read: Understanding the Effects of Diabetes on Brain Health
How to Prevent Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia that occurs repeatedly can cause dangerous complications for diabetics. Therefore, it is important to prevent this condition from occurring.
You don’t need to worry too much, you can prevent hypoglycemia in several ways that are relatively easy, including:
1. Monitor Blood Sugar Levels Periodically
The most effective way to prevent hypoglycemia in diabetics is to monitor blood sugar regularly. The action known as tried and true method this is recommended by American Diabetes Association.
According to this method, diabetics should check their blood sugar levels regularly under certain conditions, such as:
- Woke up in the middle of the night.
- Before and after eating.
- Experiencing symptoms of hypoglycemia.
- After exercise, especially strenuous exercise.
- When traveling far.
By regularly checking, your blood sugar level will be controlled and within the target limit recommended by the doctor.
2. Consumption of Healthy Food
Diabetics must pay attention to daily food intake. In addition to preventing an increase in blood sugar, the food and drink consumed can help prevent a decrease in blood sugar.
The recommended food choices are foods with high protein and fiber content. Both can help prevent unstable blood sugar. Instead, avoid foods that are high in carbohydrates and sugar.
3. Avoid Delaying Meal Time
Being careful about daily food intake is an equally important way to prevent hypoglycemia in diabetes. Not only the type of food consumed, also pay attention to when eating heavy and snacking.
As much as possible, make a schedule of eating and taking medication regularly. This method can help you prevent hypoglycemia.
Also Read: The Impact of Hot Weather on Blood Sugar Levels, Diabetics Must Know
4. Use drugs according to recommendations
The next tips for preventing hypoglycemia in diabetics is to take medication according to the doctor’s directions. By adhering to the drug use schedule, the risk of hypoglycemia can be reduced.
Make sure not to change the dosage that has been prescribed without consulting your doctor first. This includes increasing or decreasing the amount of consumption of certain drugs.
5. Exercise Routine
In addition to maintaining body fitness, exercise is one way to prevent hypoglycemia in diabetics.
According to a 2019 research review, anaerobic exercise such as high-intensity interval training (HIIT) may lower the risk of hypoglycemia in people with diabetes.
But before starting, make sure to set the right exercise schedule. The reason is, excessive exercise at night can actually cause symptoms of hypoglycemia during sleep.
Therefore, rather than focusing on high-intensity exercise, diabetics should increase the duration of exercise. This means, exercise must be done regularly.
So, that’s a series of ways to prevent hypoglycemia in diabetics that can be done. In order not to experience dangerous complications, you should apply the tips above, OK?
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