Recognizing the Characteristics of Leucorrhoea Associated with Cervical Cancer
Leucorrhoea is a clear or milky white discharge from the vagina. Even though this is something that is normally experienced by women, you still need to be careful about signs of vaginal discharge related to cervical cancer. What are the characteristics? Check out the full explanation below.
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Frequent vaginal discharge and its relation to cervical cancer
vaginal discharge can appear in different amounts, smells, and colors. Women can experience normal vaginal discharge, namely when they enter their fertile period, before and after menstruation, during pregnancy, or when they are aroused by physical activity.
But if vaginal discharge is accompanied vaginal itching or burning, you may have an infection or another condition. Leucorrhoea due to infection is usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
Not only does it cause discomfort, excessive vaginal discharge and an unusual texture, it can also be a symptom of other dangerous diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or cervical cancer.
In some cases, early-stage cervical cancer has no symptoms at all. Newly recognized symptoms awhen it has entered an advanced stage, one of which is the appearance of vaginal discharge. Nowthat is why frequent vaginal discharge can be a sign of cervical cancer in women as an early stage.
Also Read: 15 Drugs to Overcome Leucorrhoea, from Medical to Natural
Characteristics of cervical cancer discharge
The following are signs of vaginal discharge associated with cervical cancer, including:
1. Yellowish to gray vaginal discharge
Leucorrhoea that is considered normal is vaginal discharge that is clear and odorless. In patients with cervical cancer, vaginal discharge comes out in large quantities and is yellowish to grayish in color.
This abnormal vaginal discharge is caused by the growth of fibroid tissue or other abnormal tissue in the reproductive system, thus triggering the production of vaginal fluid that tends to be dark in color.
2. Leucorrhoea Accompanied by Blood Spots
Over time, abnormal vaginal discharge can get worse and even cause blood spots. Generally, a rather bright red color will appear that comes out with vaginal discharge. It’s just that the red color is different from menstrual blood.
This vaginal discharge accompanied by blood is caused by pieces of tissue (necrotic) in the cervix that come out with tumor fluid in the cervix.
3. Causes Bad Smell
Besides having an abnormal texture, vaginal discharge due to cervical cancer usually has an unpleasant odor. The smell that is generated is not the typical smell of vaginal discharge in general, but rather a rancid and fishy smell that is quite pungent.
This condition can occur due to cells in the cervix not getting oxygen intake. These conditions make these cells die and infect the tumor. This infection is the cause of vaginal discharge that smells bad.
4. Excessive vaginal discharge
It is important to pay attention to the amount of fluid that comes out of the vagina when vaginal discharge. If it tends to be more than usual, this indicates abnormal vaginal discharge and can be a sign of cancer in the cervix.
5. Leucorrhoea doesn’t go away
If vaginal discharge has been treated with various treatments but does not go away, it could be caused by another disease such as cervical cancer.
Apart from abnormal vaginal discharge, cervical cancer can also be marked by other early symptoms, including:
- Pain when urinating If cancer cells have reached the urinary tract, it can cause women to experience pain when urinating.
- Abnormal bleeding. This condition is common after intercourse, mid-menstrual cycle, or after menopause.
Also Read: 10 Ways to Prevent Abnormal Leucorrhoea in Women
When Do You Have to See a Doctor for Leucorrhoea?
Unfortunately, cervical cancer often doesn’t cause significant symptoms at first. If you experience abnormal vaginal discharge, immediately consult a doctor to find out more about your body condition. The doctor will usually suggest carrying out several screening tests such as:
- pap smear test. This test is done to collect cells in the cervix for further examination.
- HPV DNA test. This test can also be done to test cells that have been collected from the cervix (cervix). Its function is to detect the possibility of infection with one of the types of HPV that is most likely to cause cervical cancer.
If the screening test has been carried out but does not show abnormal results, it is usually recommended that you undergo an examination to look for abnormalities in the cervix (coloscopy).
In addition to examining the cervix, the doctor may also take a small tissue sample (biopsy) to check for cancer cells. The results of this examination will show whether or not the growth of cancer cells in the cervix.
In the end, the sooner you recognize the characteristics of vaginal discharge in cervical cancer, the greater the chance of recovery.
- Anonymous. Cervical Cancer. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000893. htm. (Accessed February 13, 2023)
- Anonymous. Cervical Cancer Symptoms. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cervical-cancer/symptoms/. (Accessed February 13, 2023)
- Anonymous. 2021. Vaginal Discharge. https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/vaginal-discharge/basics/causes/sym-20050825. (Accessed February 13, 2023)
- Johnson, C. Traci. 2022. Vaginal Discharge: What’s Abnormal?. https://www.webmd.com/women/guide/vaginal-discharge-whats-abnormal. (Accessed February 13, 2023)
- Watson, Stephanie. 2022.Everything You Need to Know About Cervical Cancer. https://www.healthline.com/health/cervical-cancer. (Accessed February 13, 2023)
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