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Leucorrhoea: Symptoms, Causes, and How to Treat

Leucorrhoea is a clear or white liquid that comes out of a small gland in the vagina. This liquid is useful for keeping the vaginal area clean and moist and useful for protecting it from infection. However, there are several conditions in which vaginal discharge is said to be abnormal and a sign of a health problem.

Leucorrhoea: Symptoms, Causes, and How to Treat

What is vaginal discharge?

Discharge is released from the vagina every day to remove old cells and dirt, so that the vaginal area is kept clean and moist.

Leucorrhoea is part of the body’s mechanism for lubricating, cleaning, and fighting infection-causing bacteria in the vaginal area. Therefore, vaginal discharge is a normal thing.

However, if there is a change in color, texture, aroma, or amount than usual, this could be a sign of a certain health problem.

Also Read: Getting to Know the 8 Differences between PCO and PCOS, Women Must Know!

Symptoms of Normal Leucorrhoea

Leucorrhoea is said to be normal if it is clear or white. The discharge should be odorless and the thickness can change depending on your menstrual cycle.

Characteristics of normal vaginal discharge, including:

  • Texture: watery, thick, or sticky. This is normal and caused by hormonal changes.
  • Color: clear, milky white, or ivory white
  • Aroma: vaginal discharge can smell but should not have a strong and unpleasant odor.
  • Volume: Depends on the individual and several other factors. However, it should not change drastically

Symptoms of vaginal discharge is not normal

The following are characteristics of abnormal vaginal discharge, including:

  • Texture: Sticky and frothy accompanied by pain and discoloration
  • Color: Dark yellow, brown, green, or gray
  • Aroma: Fishy and pungent odor, and accompanied by changes in color and texture
  • Volume: The amount of fluid that changes suddenly.

These signs can indicate a problem in the vaginal area, such as a bacterial infection.

Please also note, vaginal discharge can have a variety of colors and each color indicates a certain health condition.


Leucorrhoea is generally clear or slightly white in color with a slippery or egg white-like consistency.

You may feel a clear, slippery vaginal discharge before ovulation, when you are sexually aroused, and during pregnancy.


The red color category can vary, from bright red to dark red, tending to brown. This color usually appears during menstruation.

If your vaginal discharge is red when you are not menstruating, it is advisable to visit a doctor.

If you have gone through menopause and have not had your period in the past year, then you need to consult a doctor if bleeding suddenly appears. This condition can be a sign of a serious condition, such as uterine cancer.


The white color category varies from ivory white or bright yellow. If a vaginal discharge of this color appears but is not accompanied by other symptoms, then this white color is a sign of healthy lubrication.

However, if vaginal discharge has a thick white consistency or is accompanied by a strong odor, then you should consult a doctor, because there is a possibility of infection in the female area.

White, thick, strong smell is usually associated with fungal infections.

Yellow Green

If vaginal discharge is bright yellow, this does not indicate a particular problem.

However, if the vaginal discharge is yellow, greenish yellow, or green, this is generally a sign of a bacterial infection or sexually transmitted disease.


Gray vaginal discharge can be a sign of a bacterial infection, which is usually called bacterial vaginosis (B.V.).

This bacterial infection is usually accompanied by pain, irritation, a strong feminine odor, and redness around the vulva.

Causes of Leucorrhoea

Leucorrhoea is part of the body’s function and comes from changes in estrogen levels in the body. The amount of vaginal discharge can increase from ovulation, sexual stimulation, birth control pills, and pregnancy.

However, changes in color, aroma, and texture of vaginal discharge can be affected by changes in the balance of bacteria in the vagina.

The following are some of the causes of changes in the balance, including:

  • Take antibiotics or steroids.
  • Bacterial vaginosis, which generally occurs in pregnant women or women who have multiple sex partners.
  • Take birth control pills.
  • Cervical cancer.
  • Sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.
  • Diabetes.
  • Postoperative pelvic infection.
  • Trichomoniasis.
  • Drying of the vaginal walls during menopause.
  • Vaginitis, irritation in or around the vagina
  • Fungal infection.

When to See a Doctor?

You need to consult a doctor if vaginal discharge has an abnormal odor and appearance.

Some of the symptoms to watch for include:

  • Painful.
  • Pain or discomfort.
  • Lumpy vaginal discharge.
  • Experiencing bleeding when not menstruating or after menopause.
  • Bleeding after regular sexual intercourse.
  • Gray, green, or yellow vaginal discharge.
  • Strong unpleasant odor in the female area.
  • Burning sensation when urinating.

Diagnosis of Leucorrhoea

The doctor will start by examining the medical history and asking about the symptoms you are feeling. The questions asked are generally about the characteristics of the vaginal discharge that you are experiencing. Apart from that, the doctor will also ask about other symptoms such as pain or pain that you are experiencing.

The doctor may also take a sample of vaginal discharge and carry out an examination by taking a sample of the cervix for further examination.

Whitish Treatment

Handling vaginal discharge that can be done at home, including:

  • Using cold compresses, such as cold towels or ice packs to relieve pain, swelling, or discomfort in the female area
  • If you want to have sex, it’s best if your partner uses a condom, or wait a week.
  • Immediately consult a doctor if symptoms do not improve after a week

The doctor will provide treatment according to the cause of vaginal discharge. If it is caused by a fungal infection, the doctor will give antifungal medication. However, if vaginal discharge is caused by bacterial vaginosisyou may be given antibiotic pills or cream.

Leucorrhoea Complications

Even though vaginal discharge is normal, if it is accompanied by pain, changes in color, texture, and aroma, it requires proper treatment.

The reason is, if left untreated, several complications can occur, such as:

  • If there is vbacterial aginosisthen the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections will increase.
  • If there is trichomoniasis, then the risk of sexually transmitted infections also increases.
  • If there are symptoms vbacterial aginosis and trichomoniasis during pregnancy, it can cause premature birth and low birth weight babies.
  • If gonorrhea and chlamydia are not treated, it is possible to cause pelvic infection. This condition can cause an atopic pregnancy.

Also Read: 15 Drugs to Overcome Leucorrhoea, from Medical to Natural

Prevention of vaginal discharge

Actually the vagina has the ability to keep it clean with the help of good bacteria. But to keep it clean, use clean water to clean the area around the vagina.

These bacteria will keep the vagina in an acidic environment, so that the growth of bacteria and fungi can be prevented.

Here are some tips for keeping the vaginal area clean, including:

  • Avoid using soap, wet wipes, and other feminine cleaning products.
  • Do not clean the vagina with liquids that contain chemicals.
  • Avoid wearing tight underwear or sweaty clothes for a long time.
  • Wash the vagina from front to back to avoid bacterial contamination from the anus to the vagina.
  1. Anonymous. 2021. Vaginal Discharge. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
  2. Anonymous. 2022. Vaginal Discharge. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
  3. Cassata, Cathy. 2022. What Is Vaginal Discharge? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
  4. Gala, Nicole. 2020. A Color-Coded Guide To Vaginal Discharge. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
  5. Watson, Stephanie. 2022. Vaginal Discharge: What’s Abnormal?. (Accessed January 2, 2023).

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