How many carbohydrates are safe for diabetics to consume?
Limiting sugar intake is something that must be done by diabetics (diabetes). BNot only sugar or sweetener, carbohydrate intake also needs to be limited because the body will turn it into sugar. So, what is the safe carbohydrate intake limit? Check out the explanation in the following article.
Limits of Daily Carbohydrate Consumption for Diabetics
Keeping blood sugar within a normal range is the key to diabetes treatment. Several factors affect blood sugar levels, namely exercise intensity, stress, illness, and the biggest factor is food.
When consuming foods that contain high carbohydrates, the body will experience an increase in blood sugar. This can happen because the body will break down carbohydrates into simpler sugars and then enter the blood circulation system.
However, when it comes to how many carbohydrates a person with diabetes can consume, there is no definite answer. Each individual requires a different amount of carbohydrates.
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The amount of carbohydrates allowed to keep blood sugar within the normal range is affected by age, weight, activity level, and other factors.
Meanwhile, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests that the consumption of carbohydrates for people with diabetes should be able to meet 45 percent of daily calorie needs
However, a study states that people with diabetes can get good benefits when consuming fewer carbohydrates, which is a maximum of 26 percent of daily calorie needs.
That is, if you need 2,000 to 2,200 calories per day, then you may consume 130 to 143 grams of carbohydrates per day.
Reducing carbohydrate consumption can help you to maintain blood sugar within a normal range.
Determining the Right Carbohydrate Intake for Diabetics
Basically every food contains carbohydrates. Here’s how to calculate it:
- Learn the types of foods that contain carbohydrates.
- Find out the amount of carbohydrates in the food to be consumed.
- You can calculate the total carbohydrates consumed at each meal.
You can try reducing your carbohydrate consumption to 10, 15, or 25 grams at each meal.
When the body feels uncomfortable, adjustments can be made by adding or subtracting it until you get the right dose. In addition, you are also advised to consume fewer carbohydrates at dinner.
You need to take blood sugar measurements before and after meals (one to two hours). To prevent damage to blood vessels and nerves, you need to maintain a maximum blood sugar of 180 mg/dL two hours after eating.
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In general, the fewer carbohydrates you eat, the lower your blood sugar will spike.
You also need to be vigilant if you experience hunger, dizziness, sweating, weakness, headaches and palpitations because you could be experiencing hypoglycemia or blood sugar that is too low.
Before deciding to change your daily carbohydrate intake, you are advised to consult with your doctor or nutritionist first so as not to cause health problems. I hope this information is helpful.
- Anonymous. 2022. Carb Counting. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/managing/eat-well/diabetes-and-carbohydrates.html. (Accessed January 27, 2023).
- Fletcher, Jenna. 2020. How Many Carbs Per Day For A Person With Diabetes? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/how-many-carbs-per-day-for-a-diabetic. (Accessed January 27, 2023).
- Goldenberg, Joshua Z. 2021. Efficacy And Safety Of Low And Very Low Carbohydrate Diets For Type 2 Diabetes Remission: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Published And Unpublished Randomized Trial Data. https://www.bmj.com/content/372/bmj.m4743. (Accessed January 27, 2023).
- Spritzler, Franziska. 2021. How Many Carbs Should You Eat If You Have Diabetes? https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/diabetes-carbs-per-day. (Accessed January 27, 2023).
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