Diabetics often have sores on their feet and find it difficult to heal, what’s the reason?
Sores that appear on the feet of diabetics are a common condition. This situation occurs because blood sugar levels in the patient’s body is very high. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause damage to blood vessels, nerves, and wounds that are difficult to heal.
Recognizing the Various Causes of Diabetic Foot Sores
Diabetic foot ulcers or in medical terms better known as diabetic ulcers are a condition that is often experienced by diabetics (diabetes). This condition is characterized by the presence of a wound accompanied by an unpleasant-smelling discharge from the leg area.
Due to its position far from the heart, the blood flow in the legs tends not to be as smooth as the upper body.
In addition, the condition of diabetes which makes blood sugar levels in high condition also makes blood circulation in the legs worse. Usually, parts of the body below the knee are more prone to injury because the blood flow is disturbed.
Also Read: Get to know foot problems that are often experienced by diabetics
In fact, high blood sugar levels can also trigger damage to the nerves which is called neuropathy. This condition causes reduced sensation in the feet or numbness. As a result, diabetics often don’t realize when their feet are scratched or hit by objects around them.
Foot sores in diabetics generally occur over time. Apart from being triggered by nerve damage, the appearance of sores on the feet is also caused by narrowing of blood vessels due to high glucose levels which trigger the growth of bacteria.
This is what exacerbates the condition of foot wounds in diabetics. In fact, optimal blood flow is the key to accelerating wound healing.
Also Read: 9 Bad Habits That Can Trigger Diabetes
Risk Factors for Diabetic Foot Sores
In addition to blood flow that doesn’t flow properly, the following factors can increase the risk of diabetic foot sores, including:
- Deformity of the foot.
- Calluses on the feet.
- Dry and cracked skin.
- Having impaired vision due to diabetes.
- Wearing shoes that do not fit.
- Poor foot hygiene
Basically, every diabetic has a risk of experiencing foot injuries. However, in some conditions, elderly men with a history of diabetes are at a higher risk of experiencing it. Therefore, every sufferer needs to carry out routine checks to the doctor.
It is no less important is to keep blood sugar levels under control. If you have an injury, see a doctor immediately to get proper treatment and avoid other diabetes complications.
- Anonymous. Diabetic Foot Ulcers. https://www.uofmhealth.org/conditions-treatments/podiatry-foot-care/frequently-asked-questions-diabetic-foot-ulcers. (Accessed January 30, 2023)
- Anonymous. 2021. Diabetic Foot Problems. https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/foot-problems. (Accessed January 30, 2023)
- Armstong, David G, and Lavery Lawrence. 1998. Diabetic Foot Ulcers: Prevention, Diagnosis and Classification. https://www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/1998/0315/p1325.html. (Accessed January 30, 2023)
- Robinson, Dana and The Healthline Editorial Team. 2021. Diabetic Ulcers: Causes and Treatment. https://www.healthline.com/health/diabetic-foot-pain-and-ulcers-causes-treatments. (Accessed January 30, 2023)
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