Candesartan: Rules and How to Use Blood Pressure Lowering Drugs | Good Doctor
Candesartan is a drug commonly used to lower blood pressure. This function can help someone avoid attacks strokescardiac failure, and kidney disease.
Candesartan belongs to the category of angiotensin 2 receptor blocker drugs.
When taken, this drug works by relaxing and dilating blood vessels so that blood can flow back to the heart normally.
What is candesartan?
In the form of tablets that are taken, this drug can only be obtained through a doctor’s prescription. Usually it is used as a complementary drug to treat high blood pressure or heart attack.
This means that while taking candesartan, you will likely need additional medication.
Candesartan side effects
Taking candesartan is not known to cause drowsiness. However, it can cause some side effects such as:
- Dizziness and lightheadedness, this is the effect of the body’s adjustment to the medicine you have just taken. To reduce it, try to get up slowly if you were previously in a sitting or sleeping position
- Flu symptoms such as runny nose, fever, sneezing, and coughing
- Back pain
- Sore throat
If the side effects above are mild, they tend to go away on their own within a few days.
However, if the symptoms do not subside or even get worse, then you need to consult your doctor immediately.
Candesartan also has side effects that are quite serious and need to be treated by medical personnel quickly. Immediately come to the nearest hospital if after taking this medicine you feel:
- Want to faint
- Unbelievably tired
- Not urinating as usual
- Hard to breathe
- The muscles feel weak
- Heart rate changes
- Swelling of the lips, face, tongue or throat
Interaction with other drugs
As previously reviewed, this drug is complementary in nature. Therefore it is very likely that patients taking candesartan will need other drugs so that the treatment they are undergoing is optimal.
Candesartan is commonly combined with other medical drugs, vitamins, and even herbal ingredients. This is the reason why doctors need to manage all of that very carefully.
The goal is to avoid unwanted side effects from the reaction of one drug with other drugs.
A few tips, you can reduce the risk of health problems that may arise by routinely buying medicines at the same pharmacy.
This way it will be easier for pharmacists to analyze the interaction of one drug with other drugs in your body.
Drugs that need special attention when taking with candesartan
Several types of drugs that can affect the efficacy of candesartan are as listed below:
When taken with drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxenAnd diclofenac, candesartan cannot function optimally in lowering blood pressure.
Especially if you are in the category of elderly patients, currently taking diuretic medicines, do not meet adequate fluid intake, or have a history of kidney failure.
All of this will reduce the function of this drug and can also exacerbate kidney disease that you have.
Candesartan can raise the level of seizures in the body to very serious levels.
For this the administration of seizure drugs such as lithium with this drug need special supervision from a doctor.
High blood pressure
Taking candesartan accompanied by drugs to lower blood pressure has the risk of causing hypotension, increasing potassium levels in the blood, and worsening kidney performance.
Several types of high blood pressure medications to watch out for are losartan, valsartan, telmisartan, enalapril, lisinopril, captopril, And aliskiren.
Drugs that increase potassium levels
Among others are amiloride, spironolactone, triamtereneadditional supplements potassiumAnd potassium containing salt substitutes.
Use for people with certain conditions
There is an important reason why this drug can only be given with a doctor’s prescription. One of them is because it can cause harmful effects on the body if not used properly.
Some categories of people who need special attention when taking this drug are:
People who are prone to allergies
Candesartan can cause allergic reactions such as swelling of the lips, face, tongue and throat. Do not take this drug if you have a history of this allergy.
Drinking it for the second time after an allergy appears can have a fatal effect.
People with diabetes
If you suffer from this disease and take medication Aliskireit is unlikely that the doctor will prescribe candesartan.
This is because these drugs will actually increase potassium levels and worsen kidney function.
People at risk for low blood pressure
Owners of low blood pressure are not advised to take this drug because it will cause lower blood pressure. This risk will get bigger if you do:
- Taking drugs that are diuretic or water soluble
- Have a low salt diet
- In other medications that affect blood pressure
- Experiencing illness accompanied by symptoms of vomiting or diarrhea
People who have had kidney problems
Candesartan can make kidney performance worse. Therefore, the doctor will periodically monitor your kidney health so that you can provide the right treatment and dosage of this drug.
Use for special health conditions
Candesartan is included in category D pregnancy drugs, this indicates at least two things, namely:
- Research shows that there are adverse effects on the fetus when the mother takes this drug during pregnancy
- The benefits that can be generated are far less than the risks of health problems that can arise
This drug can cause serious effects such as disability or even death in the fetus if consumed during pregnancy.
Therefore, pregnant women should not take candesartan.
So far it is not known for sure whether the chemical content in candesartan can be absorbed into breast milk (ASI). However, to avoid unwanted effects, this drug should not be consumed during breastfeeding.
In general, the older we get, the body’s ability to process intake in the body decreases. This also applies to taking drugs.
Normal doses in adults can have a greater effect if applied to the elderly. So elderly people are advised to consume lower doses or different consumption times according to their health conditions.
Candesartan for children
This drug has not been studied for its effects on children, however, candesartan is not recommended for consumption by children under 1 year of age to treat high blood pressure and to treat heart problems. It should not be used in children younger than 18 years.
Dosage to be consumed
You need to check with your doctor directly to find out the right dosage for your body.
The dosage size, and how often you need to take this drug will depend on several factors, namely:
- The health condition you want to treat
- Severity of health problems experienced
- Other medical conditions suffered
- Allergic reactions that may occur
What to do if you forget to take it
Immediately take this medicine as soon as you remember that you have missed the schedule prescribed by the doctor. If this is only a few hours before the next drug schedule, wait and just take one dose.
Never take this drug in two doses because it is very dangerous for the body.
Use and storage of candesartan
Candesartan can generally be taken directly, or crushed and dissolved in water. For storage you need to pay attention to a few things:
- Store this drug at room temperature 30°C
- Do not enter candesartan into the freezer
- Store in a tightly closed container
- Keep storage away from areas where it could be exposed to water or moisture
Prescription redemption more than once
Prescriptions for this medicine cannot be redeemed multiple times. You need to come to see a doctor to see if the dosage needed is still the same or needs a change.
Clinical monitoring of candesartan treatment
While you are being treated with candesartan, your doctor will periodically check the following:
- Kidney function, in order to detect no impaired kidney performance caused by this drug
- Liver function, patients with liver disease will require an adjustment in the dose of candesartan so as not to impair liver function
- Blood pressure, to see if your blood pressure has decreased or not
- Potassium levels in the blood
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