Beware, Diabetics are Vulnerable to Leaking Kidneys
Diabetics, aka diabetics, are prone to experiencing a number of health complications, one of which is kidney problems. In fact, leaky kidneys in diabetics can happen. Check out the full explanation through the following review.
Why Diabetes Can Cause Leaky Kidneys?
Leaky kidneys are one of the most common complications of diabetes. Problems in the kidneys caused by diabetes are known as diabetic nephropathy.
Diabetic nephropathy occurs when the blood filters or nephrons in the kidneys are damaged. As a result, the kidneys don’t work as they should.
This condition is a serious complication of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. The cause is high blood sugar levels and blood pressure.
Blood sugar that is too high will eventually damage the blood vessels in the kidneys so that their function can be disrupted. In the end, damage to the kidneys becomes unavoidable.
On the other hand, people with diabetes also often have high blood pressure. Now,this condition also causes damage to this organ.
Apart from these two conditions, the risk of leaky kidneys in diabetics can increase due to the following conditions:
- Smoking habit.
- Less active.
- Consumption of foods high in salt.
- Lack of attention to daily food intake.
- Heart disease.
- Family history of kidney failure.
Also Read: Alert, These are 9 Long-Term Complications Due to Type 2 Diabetes
Leaking Kidney Symptoms in Diabetics
In the early stages, the kidneys are leaky due to diabetes asymptomatic. One way to find out whether diabetics have kidney problems or not is to have them checked by a doctor.
The doctor will check for albumin in the urine and do a blood test. Both of these actions are important to see how well the kidneys are functioning.
Meanwhile, if it is at an advanced stage, there are several symptoms of leaky kidneys in diabetics that can appear, including:
- Swelling of the ankles, feet, hands or eyes.
- Blood pressure is not well controlled.
- The urge to urinate increases.
- Confusion or difficulty concentrating.
- Loss of appetite.
- Hard to breathe.
- There is protein in the urine.
- Reduced diabetes medication and insulin requirements.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Persistent itching.
How to Maintain Kidney Health for Diabetics
In order not to experience this one diabetes complication, there are several ways to maintain kidney health, including:
1. Reach Target Blood Sugar
The doctor will usually check the average blood sugar level (hbA1C). These results were obtained by examining blood sugar levels for three months.
Ask your doctor or medical personnel about the target blood sugar level that must be achieved so that it is easier for you to control diabetes.
Controlled blood sugar levels can help prevent kidney leaks in diabetes.
2. Blood Pressure Control
Check your blood pressure regularly. That way, it will be easier for you to control it to stay below 140/90 mm/Hg or according to the target recommended by the doctor.
Blood pressure that is too high is a trigger for various serious health problems, such as strokes, heart attacks, and kidney disease.
Consult your doctor about the possibility of using blood pressure-lowering drugs, such as ACE inhibitors.
3. Pay attention to food intake
One way to prevent leaky kidneys in diabetics is to pay attention to daily food intake.
Diabetics should follow the diet recommendations recommended by the doctor. Limit the use of sugar and salt and foods that are high in fat.
4. Run a Healthy Lifestyle
Apart from maintaining your diet, you should also adopt a healthy lifestyle to control diabetes. Some healthy habits that can be applied include:
- Stop smoking.
- Exercise regularly or be active.
- Get enough sleep, namely for 7-8 hours every night.
- Keep your body weight ideal.
Also Read: 10 Skin Diseases That Can Be Experienced by Diabetics
5. Use drugs according to the rules
After diagnosing diabetes, the doctor or medical staff will prescribe medication based on your condition. The doctor may prescribe more than one type of drug.
These medicines can help you control your blood sugar levels. Therefore, make sure to use it according to the doctor’s recommendation, OK?
Now you already know that leaky kidneys in diabetics is a complication to watch out for.
In order not to experience these complications, maintain the health of your kidneys by controlling diabetes. You can try the methods mentioned above. Hope it is useful!
- Anonymous. 2021. Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/managing/diabetes-kidney-disease.html. (Accessed January 3, 2022).
- Anonymous. Diabetic Nephropathy (Kidney Disease). https://www.diabetes.org.uk/guide-to-diabetes/complications/kidneys_nephropathy. (Accessed January 3, 2022).
- Anonymous. Diabetic Kidney Disease. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/diabetic-kidney-disease. (Accessed January 3, 2022).
- Mayo Clinic staff. 2021. Diabetic Nephropathy (Kidney Disease). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetic-nephropathy/symptoms-causes/syc-20354556. (Accessed January 3, 2022).
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