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14 Causes of Stinky Pee You Should Be Aware Of

Bad smelling urine can be a sign of the presence or absence of health problems. So, what are the causes of strong smelling urine that you need to watch out for? Check out the full explanation here.

14 Causes of Stinky Pee You Should Be Aware Of

Causes of Stinky Urine

The odor that appears in your urine is caused by ammonia, but if the smell is stronger than usual, it may be caused by something you’ve eaten or a sign of a certain disease.

Here are some causes of strong smelling urine, including:

1. Dehydration

When the body is dehydrated, inevitably fluid will be used in large quantities. As a result, urine becomes more concentrated because there is not enough fluid to be excreted.

Concentrated urine due to dehydration will become more yellow in color and have a very sharp aroma. If you are already experiencing this condition, you should immediately drink lots of water, and in the future, make sure your daily fluid needs are met.

Dehydration is not a trivial condition. Low levels of body fluids can trigger various health problems. In fact, this can threaten the safety of your soul.

2. Urinary tract infection

Urine that smells bad can also be a sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI) that is quite severe. This infection causes the urinary tract (urethra) to experience irritation and inflammation.

As a result, lesions or sores appear on the urethra. This wound will then cause the urine that comes out to have a pungent odor. This unpleasant smell of urine will be even stronger when men or women are taking antibiotics.

3. Drink Too Much Coffee

Drinking coffee is indeed delicious, but if you overdo it, the consequence is that the urine that you secrete will have a smellier aroma than usual.

Urine that smells due to drinking too much coffee occurs due to the metabolism of caffeine which is its main ingredient.

Actually, you can just consume coffee according to your wishes without having to worry about strong smelling urine. The way around this is to drink enough water before drinking coffee.

4. Consuming foods that smell strong

Eating strong-smelling foods such as jengkol and petai can be a cause of bad-smelling urine. In fact, the characteristic sharp aroma of jengkol and petai in the urine that you excrete can last for 1-2 days.

Therefore—just like in the case of coffee—you can minimize the unpleasant smell by drinking more water after consuming one or both. The more urine that comes out, the smell that comes out will be thinner.

In addition, if you eat certain types of vegetables, this can also cause urine to smell, not infrequently the aroma tends to be unpleasant. Vegetables in question include asparagus, broccoli, and various cabbage. Apart from that, there is also garlic which is a trigger for the smell of urine to become sharper.

If you don’t want to experience it, replace the vegetable with another type as long as the benefits are the same.

5. Experiencing Diabetes

Odor-smelling urine is commonly experienced by people with blood sugar, aka diabetes, especially type-2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus). This happens because of the large amount of protein content and also the emergence of infections around the urinary tract due to blood sugar levels that are too high.

This condition can also occur in someone who has just reached the prediabetes stage. Therefore, a medical examination must be carried out immediately to ascertain the situation with certainty.

6. Bladder fistula

Another cause of smelly urine is bladder fistula. This condition occurs when you have an injury or defect that allows bacteria from your intestines to enter your bladder.

Bladder fistulas can occur due to a surgical injury or disease of the intestine, such as:

  • Intestinal inflammation.
  • Ulcerative colitis.
  • Crohn’s disease.

7. Vitamin B6 Supplements

The cause of smelly urine can also be vitamin supplements. In this case, vitamin B6 supplements are the ‘culprit’. However, this is a natural thing and what you need to do is drink lots of water so that the smell of urine can return to normal as before.

Also Read: Urine Formation Process and Urinary Tract System

8. Drugs

Not only vitamin B6 supplements, a number of medicines also have the side effect of changing the smell of urine to make it smellier. Some of these drugs include:

  • Sulfonamide antibiotics.
  • Antidiabetic drug.
  • Chemotherapy drugs.

9. Use of intimate organ cleansing products

Do you regularly use sex organ cleaning products? If so, then you should know if this more or less plays a role in producing the sharp smell of urine.

The latest study released by Journal of Women’s Health revealed that this product has organic components which are unfortunately harmful to health. These components can inhibit the growth of good bacteria in the intimate organ area.

As a result, your intimate organs actually have the potential to become infected by bad bacteria. This is what then causes urine to smell.

10. Suffering from Kidney Stone Disease

According to National Kidney Foundation, Kidney stones are formed when chemical elements in the urine experience crystallization. So do not be surprised if you who suffer from kidney stones will have urine that smells sharp.

In addition to a pungent odor, the urine of people with kidney stones has distinctive characteristics such as a thicker color and frothy

11. Fungal Infection

Yeast infection is also another reason why your urine smells. It gets worse if at the same time you are also taking antibiotics, birth control pills, or experiencing a number of health problems such as:

  • Diabetes.
  • Autoimmune disorders.
  • Pregnant.

12. Has a Genetic Disorder

Although the case is rare, certain genetic disorders are also linked to bad urine odor. If your urine smells foul, sour, or even fishy, ​​you may have a medical condition called trimethylaminuria.

According to National Human Genome Research Institute, trimethylaminuria is more common in women. Symptoms may worsen or become more pronounced with puberty, taking oral contraceptives, or with menopause.

13. Pregnant

Changes in the smell of urine can also be a sign that you are pregnant. This is certainly related to the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.

Usually, you will often experience it in the first trimester. Don’t worry because this is not something dangerous. If in doubt, you can consult with your obstetrician.

14. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

Suffering from an PMS will likely make you pass urine that smells bad. Again, this is due to an ongoing infection. The types of STDs that can cause these symptoms are:

Apart from strong smelling urine, another symptom that you may feel is a burning sensation in the urinary tract. Immediately visit a doctor if you experience these symptoms to get further medical treatment.

Also Read: Pain when urinating: Causes and how to overcome them

Other Things to Look For When Urinating

In addition to knowing the various causes of smelly urine. there are other things that you should pay attention to from urine. Some of these things are as follows:

  • Presence of Bubbles and Foam

The presence of bubbles in the urine is not normal if there are quite a lot of them. If you experience it, it means that the protein level in your urine is high, causing an unpleasant odor, and this is also a sign of certain health conditions that you didn’t have before.

Besides being bubbly, urine can also be frothy. If this is the case, then there may be a problem with the kidneys or, it could indicate high blood pressure.

Especially in men, pay attention to the spurt of urine coming out of the urethra. If a man’s internal organs are healthy, the bursts will be strong from start to finish. Meanwhile, if the spray is weak, it means there is interference with the pelvic, bladder, and prostate muscles.

The color of the urine also determines the health condition. If the color is too yellow, you may be dehydrated or have hepatitis. If after drinking lots of water the color fades, then this is not something to worry about.

If the urine comes out with a slightly reddish color and feels painful, it is likely that an infection is occurring which causes inflammation and bleeding in the body.

  1. Anonymous. Smell Urine. (Accessed November 11, 2020)
  2. Andersen, C et al. 2020. 13 Reasons Your Urine Is Smelly. (Accessed November 11, 2020)
  3. Kivi, R. 2019. What causes abnormal urine odor? (Accessed November 11, 2020)
  4. Villains, Z. 2020. What Causes Smelly Urine? (Accessed November 11, 2020)

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