10 Skin Diseases That Can Be Experienced by Diabetics
Besides being able to damage organs in the body, diabetes is a disease that also cause skin problems. What are the skin diseases caused by diabetes? Read more through the following explanation.
Skin Problems in Diabetics
Skin problems can indeed happen to anyone, but there are several types of skin diseases that are prone to afflict diabetics (diabetics). There are several skin diseases that people with diabetes are prone to, including:
Acanthosis nigricans is a condition when the skin in the folds of the body is dark, thick and rough. This condition is prone to occur in diabetics, especially those who have problems with being overweight.
Some parts of the body that often experience it, such as the back or sides of the neck, armpits, groin, and lower chest.
2. Diabetic Dermopathy
This skin disease caused by diabetes is not dangerous. If you experience it, diabetic skin will appear to have spots that look like red to brown spots.
The appearance of these spots is usually on the front of the feet (shinbones) so they are often mistaken for signs of aging.
Even though it doesn’t cause pain, those of you who have it can feel itchy.
Vitiligo occurs because the skin cells that function to produce melanin (brown pigmentation) are damaged. As a result, those with diabetes experience spots on their hands, face or chest.
The cause of this skin disease is still not known with certainty, but experts consider this skin disorder to be an autoimmune condition, as well as type 1 diabetes.
Related to these two conditions, research in the journal BioMed Research International reveal the relationship between the two.
Also Read: Alert, These are 9 Long-Term Complications Due to Type 2 Diabetes
4. Bacterial infection
Diabetics are more susceptible to bacterial infections. This is caused by high levels of sugar in the blood.
One of the most common infections is infection Staphylococcus aureus, This condition can cause ulcers and folliculitis.
If diabetics experience swelling of the skin, itching, or pain towards the heat, immediately consult a doctor.
5. Fungal Infection
In addition to bacterial infections, diabetics are also susceptible to fungal infections, especially those caused by Candida albicans. This infection will cause itching and rash in diabetics.
In addition, other fungal infections that can affect diabetics are ringworm, vaginal yeast infections, and athlete’s foot (tinea pedis).
6. Granuloma Annulare
Rashes due to diabetes can be a sign of granuloma annulare. This skin problem occurs when spots appear in the form of rings and are skin-colored, red, or red-brown.
Granuloma annulare often appears on the fingers and ears. In addition, this skin disease caused by diabetes can cause itching.
Even though they are generally harmless and can disappear on their own without leaving scars, you should still consult a doctor. This is done to find out if topical medication in the form of a topical steroid, such as hydrocortisone is needed.
7. Eruptive Xanthomatosis
This skin disease occurs due to uncontrolled diabetes. If you experience it, the surface of the skin will feel hard and the skin will appear yellowish.
Lumps due to this condition are generally found on the backs of the hands, arms, legs and buttocks. In addition, there is a red circle around the lump and it can feel itchy.
Eruptive xanthomatosis is prone to afflict young men who have high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats in the blood).
8. Necrobiosis Lipoidica
Necrobiosis lipoidica is one of the skin diseases that can occur due to diabetes. If you experience it, diabetic skin will appear yellow, reddish, to brown spots.
This condition is relatively rare because it only affects 1 in 300 sufferers. It’s just that, if it gets worse, the itching can be very painful.
In addition, the treatment of necrobiosis lipoidica is also quite difficult. However, prescription medications, injections, or lotions may help.
Also Read: Is it true that pregnant with diabetes increases the risk of autistic children?
9. Bullosis Diabeticorum (Diabetic Blisters)
This skin disease caused by diabetes is relatively rare. However, in some cases, sufferers can experience it.
Usually this disease afflicts old diabetes patients who have poor control of their blood sugar.
Bullosis diabeticorum itself is a relatively rare complication in people with diabetes mellitus. This condition causes the skin to look like a blister like a burn.
Usually the blisters appear on the feet and lower legs. Sometimes, the arms and hands also experience it.
Digital sclerosis begins with skin that is tight, thickened, and looks like wax. Usually this condition afflicts your fingers.
The cause is none other than blood sugar levels that are too high. When you experience it, it’s not uncommon for the finger joints to become stiffer, even difficult to move.
Now you know some of the skin diseases that can occur due to diabetes. So that these skin problems don’t happen to you, make sure you control your blood sugar levels properly, okay!
- Anonymous. 2022. Diabetes and Skin Conditions. https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/ss/slideshow-diabetes-skin-problems. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
- Anonymous. 2022. Diabetes and Your Skin. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/library/features/diabetes-and-your-skin.html. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
- Chatterjee, Debajyoti, et al. 2017. Bullous Diabeticorum: A Rare Blistering Manifestation of Diabetes. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5518582/. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
- Mayo Clinic staff. 2022. Staph Infections. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/staph-infections/symptoms-causes/syc-20356221. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
- Wheeler, Regina Boyle. 2018. 10 Diabetic Skin Problems You Should Know. https://www.everydayhealth.com/type-2-diabetes/living-with/diabetic-skin-problems/. (Accessed January 2, 2023).
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